Hodophobia is an irrational fear, or phobia, of travel. Hodophobia is also referred to as travel phobia or fear of travel. Hodophobia should not to be confused with travel aversion.
Acute anxiety provoked by travel can be treated with anti-anxiety medication. The condition can be treated with exposure therapy, which works better when combined with cognitive behavioral therapy.
Hodophobia is a specific phobia as classified in the DSM-5.
People with fear of traveling experience intense, persistent fear or anxiety when they think about traveling and/or during travel. They will avoid travel if they can, and the fear, anxiety, and avoidance cause significant distress and impair their ability to function.
The causes of hodophobia and the mechanisms by which it is maintained are often complex, as with many phobias.
The diagnosis is clinical. It is often difficult to determine if the specific phobia of hodophobia should be the primary diagnosis, or if it is a symptom of a generalized anxiety disorder or another anxiety disorder.
Acute anxiety caused by travel can be treated with anti-anxiety medication. The condition can also be treated with exposure therapy which works better when combined with cognitive behavioral therapy. Relaxation techniques and education can also be helpful in combination with other approaches.
Society and culture
Sigmund Freud, the famous neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, confessed in a number of letters that he suffered from fear of travel. He used the term "Reiseangst" for it, which means "travel anxiety" or "fear of travel" in the German language. However Freud's anxiety was not a "true" phobia.
- Fear of flying
- Driving phobia
- Fear of trains
- Thalassophobia - phobia of sea travel
- Agoraphobia - fear of leaving safe places
- Specific phobia
- List of phobias
Other travel-related disorders include:
- Travel aversion - a strong dislike of travel
- Travel sickness in humans
- Transport tetany in animals