An estrogen-dependent condition, disease, disorder, or syndrome, is a medical condition that is, in part or full, dependent on, or is sensitive to, the presence of estrogenic activity in the body.
Known estrogen-dependent conditions include mastodynia (breast pain/tenderness), breast fibroids, mammoplasia (breast enlargement), macromastia (breast hypertrophy), gynecomastia, breast cancer, precocious puberty in girls, melasma, menorrhagia, endometriosis, endometrial hyperplasia, adenomyosis, uterine fibroids, uterine cancers (e.g., endometrial cancer), ovarian cancer, and hyperestrogenism in males such as in certain conditions like cirrhosis and Klinefelter's syndrome.
Such conditions may be treated with drugs with antiestrogen actions, including selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) such as tamoxifen and clomifene, estrogen receptor antagonists such as fulvestrant, aromatase inhibitors such as anastrozole and exemestane, gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogues such as leuprorelin and cetrorelix, and/or other antigonadotropins such as danazol, gestrinone, megestrol acetate, and medroxyprogesterone acetate.
- Androgen-dependent condition
- Estrogen insensitivity syndrome